BRINGING REAL DEMOCRACY TO IRAQ
By Dick Meister
IT'S A PECULIAR KIND OF democracy weıre bringing to Iraq. For like Saddam
Hussein before them, the U.S. occupation authorities are denying workers the
basic democratic right to form unions and to strike or otherwise protest
their working conditions.
Although Hussein is gone, the supposed forces of democracy are enforcing his
1987 edict prohibiting union activities in the state-owned enterprises where
the vast majority of Iraqis work.
The occupation authority also has frozen wages at the average of $60 a month
set under Hussein but without providing the bonuses, profit-sharing and
food and housing subsidies that workers regularly got in addition to pay.
Most workers, in any case, are not even getting wages. The unemployment rate
has soared to 70 percent under U.S. occupation, yet not a cent of the $87
billion that Congress appropriated for rebuilding Iraq is going for
unemployment benefits or for raising the wages of those who are fortunate
enough to find work.
Workers are faced as well with the serious implications of the occupation
authorityıs plans to privatize and sell off the state-owned factories,
mines, mills, refineries and other enterprises to foreign investors, luring
them in part with the promise of weak or non-existent unions. The foreigners
could own the enterprises entirely, meaning that all profits could be spent
outside Iraq. Itıs likely, too, that foreign owners would add to the
countryıs severe jobless problem by cutting workforces in order to increase
All of which makes clear that Iraqi workers badly need the right to form
unions that would give them an effective voice in helping determine, not
only their conditions of employment, but also the very future of their
Theyıve been trying to organize such unions, primarily through a newly
formed Federation of Trade Unions that so far encompasses unions in a dozen
industries. Organizers also have established a Union of the Unemployed to
seek help for the jobless. But though what theyıve been doing is of course a
democratic right guaranteed to U.S. workers, it definitely is not a right
guaranteed to Iraqis by U.S. authorities.
The authorities have twice arrested and detained for a day the two principal
officers of the unemployed workersı union for leading members in
demonstrations demanding jobs and unemployment benefits. They were warned
that they and others leading workersı demonstrations or striking or
encouraging strikes for any reason, including opposition to the authoritiesı
privatization plans, could be charged with ³inciting civil disorder² and
thus made prisoners of war.
Soldiers also have raided the headquarters of the Federation of Trade Unions
in Baghdad, handcuffing and detaining overnight eight members of the
organizationıs executive board. A delegation of U.S. unionists who
investigated said the raiders ransacked and sealed off the building, tore
down banners and painted over the federationıs name on the outside.
Itıs not surprising that President Bushıs administration is involved in
such blatant anti-unionism. Thatıs precisely what the president has been
doing domestically. Heıs taken away, ³in the interest of national security,²
the union rights of more than 200,000 employees of the Transportation,
Homeland Security and Justice Departments and attempted to privatize as many
as 850,000 other federal jobs.
American unions naturally are attacking those domestic policies, as many are
also attacking what the administration is inflicting on Iraqıs workers ³in
the interest of national security.² The opponents of U.S. policy in Iraq are
joined in a group representing several million American union members and
several dozen national, state and local labor organizations.
Theyıre demanding immediate nullification of the Hussein eraıs anti-union
laws and any other restrictions on the exercise of labor rights, in accord
with the International Labor Organizationıs guarantees to all workers --
plus an immediate halt to privatization. They also demand a Congressional
investigation of the U.S. role in suppressing union rights and in
privatizing assets that belong to the Iraqi people.
President Bush doesnıt know or doesnıt care that no society can be truly
democratic unless those who do its work can bargain collectively with their
employers and otherwise assert their rights as workers.
The International Longshore and Warehouse Union put it best: ³If democracy
is ever to be achieved in Iraq, it must include free, independent trade
Copyright İ 2004 Dick Meister, a San Francisco-based freelance columnist who
has covered labor issues for four decades as a reporter, editor and