Chronology provided by HERE Local 2 in San Francisco
Chronology of an Anti-Union Campaign:
San Francisco Marriott Hotel
Marriott chosen by the Redevelopment Agency to develop and operate
the Yerba Buena Convention Hotel.
enters into a "card check" agreement with the Hotel Employees and
Restaurant Employees Union, Local 2.
card check agreement provides for a quick, simple process for workers, if
they desire, to choose union representation.
Marriott hotel opens with the most hotel employees and the largest
banquet facilities in San Francisco.
rejects overtures from union to implement the card check agreement.
2 sues Marriott in federal court to enforce card check agreement.
Marriott tries out several different legal arguments, including that
it only signed agreement "under duress," in an attempt to escape
from the terms of the agreement.
1995 Years of legal wrangling has the case set to go to
and the union agree to bring in a mediator to attempt to settle the lawsuit
short of trial.
The parties reach agreement and enter into a Consent Decree,
providing for a new card check agreement.
The Consent Decree settling the lawsuit is filed with the federal
Local 2 organizing of Marriott workers begins.
Local 2 presents Special Master John Kagel with a majority of union
authorization cards. Kagel
notifies Marriott that the union has majority status.
Marriott files objections with the Special Master claiming that the
union has collected cards through intimidation and coersion.
Marriott provides no evidence of the alleged misconduct.
Special Master Kagel certifies that a majority of Marriott workers
have signed cards authorizing Local 2 to represent them.
Marriott provides wage increases to all employees at the San
Francisco hotel except those represented by the union.
Marriott provides benefit improvements to all employees at the San
Francisco hotel except those represented by Local 2.
Union demonstrations begin several times weekly in front of the
Active anti-union campaign begins within the hotel, including
management's discriminatory treatment of some workers who engage in union
Numerous Unfair Labor Practice charges are filed by Local 2 with the
National Labor Relations Board (NLRB).
Marriott workers begin testifying at the NLRB.
Marriott management holds departmental meetings, saying workers will
get raises and back pay when they decertify the union or the company signs a
De-certification petition is circulated among workers the day after
the housekeeping department meeting.
Marriott provides another raise to all employees at the San Francisco
hotel except those represented by the union.
NLRB continues investigating unfair labor practice charges brought by
Local 2, including that Marriott illegally denied wage and benefit
improvements to only workers represented by Local 2, that Marriott has
bargained in bad faith; and that the company discriminated against employees
because of their union activity.
80 Marriott workers file declarations in support of the charges.
Marriott workers hold "teach-in" in hotel's employee
cafeteria to educate co-workers about Marriott's labor law violations and
pending prosecution. Workers
also begin wearing large "Marriott - Not Above the Law" buttons on
the eve of government prosecution, Marriott makes back payments to union
workers totalling roughly $1.5 million and also gives wage and benefit
improvements to union workers.
San Francisco Board Supervisor Tom Ammiano and 51 community
supporters are arrested in the Marriott hotel lobby for holding a nonviolent
civil disobedience sit-in to protest Marriott's lawbreaking and refusal to
sign a fair contract.
AFL-CIO President John Sweeney is among 150 arrested for non-violent
civil disobedience at the Marriott.
The National Labor Relations Board begins its prosecution of the
Marriott for 72 violations for federal labor law including bargaining in bad
74 are arrested in non-violent civil disobedience.
Marriott/Local 2 contract negotiations resume.
New charges are filed with the NLRB by Local 2.
Marriott attorney announces there will be no bargaining during his
three-week vacation in June.
Marriot workers vote to overwhelmingly (96.4%) to authorize a two-day